Wednesday, March 23, 2011

The Facts about Obesity

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Do You Know ...
  • Today, there are more than 1 billion overweight adults and at least 300 million of them obese
  • Overweight & Obesity pose a major risk for chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes, hypertension and stroke, cardiovascular disease and certain forms of cancer.
  • The key causes are increased consumption of energy-dense foods high in saturated fats and sugars, and reduced physical activity.

Obesity is a problem that is not taken seriously by most people. Obesity has reached epidemic proportions globally, with more than 1 billion adults overweight - at least 300 million of them clinically obese - and is a major contributor to the global burden of chronic disease and disability. Often coexisting in developing countries with under-nutrition, obesity is a complex condition, with serious social and psychological dimensions, affecting virtually all ages and socioeconomic groups.

Obesity and overweight pose a major risk for serious diet-related chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension and stroke, and certain forms of cancer. The health consequences range from increased risk of premature death, to serious chronic conditions that reduce the overall quality of life. Of especial concern is the increasing incidence of child obesity.

Increased consumption of more energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods with high levels of sugar and saturated fats, combined with reduced physical activity, have led to obesity rates that have risen three-fold or more since 1980 in some areas of North America, the United Kingdom, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, the Pacific Islands, Australasia and China.The obesity epidemic is not restricted to industrialized societies; this increase is often faster in developing countries than in the developed world. And ,The truth is, of all the adults living in the US almost one third are obese ! So, it is a high probability that you or somebody you know is a sufferer of obesity.

Today's young people will need to worry about getting sick and dying sooner if they continue to get obese. Don't forget that these extra health problems create a financial burden that society has to pay.
Obesity doesn't just apply to those who are too large to leave their houses. Someone who is over 20% of the "average" heaviness for their size, is judged as being obese. If you are supposed to weigh 135 pounds for your height, weighing 162 pounds means that you are grossly overweight,and you need a help.

The facts about children & obesity are some of the most shocking right now, that because the obesity rate for children and teens is rising rapidly due to kids spending more time watching televisions & eating a wide variety of fattening snack that have no nutritional value. The medical community is seeing formerly adult-only problems occurring with greater frequency in our juvenile population. These serious health problems can be life-threatening, physically uncomfortable or painful, and of course, downright depressing. A child that is overweight will likely be overweight as an adult.

How does excess body fat impact health ?
Obesity accounts for 2-6% of total health care costs in several developed countries; some estimates put the figure as high as 7%. The true costs are undoubtedly much greater as not all obesity-related conditions are included in the calculations.
Obesity & overweight lead to adverse metabolic effects on blood pressure, triglycerides, cholesterol, and insulin resistance. Some confusion of the consequences of obesity arise because researchers have used different BMI cut-offs, and because the presence of many medical conditions involved in the development of obesity may confuse the effects of obesity itself.

The non-fatal, but debilitating health problems associated with obesity include respiratory difficulties, chronic musculoskeletal problems, skin problems and infertility. The more life-threatening problems fall into four main areas: CVD problems; conditions associated with insulin resistance such as type 2 diabetes; certain types of cancers, especially the hormonally related and large-bowel cancers; and gallbladder disease.

The likelihood of developing Type 2 diabetes and hypertension rises steeply with increasing body fatness. Confined to older adults for most of the 20th century, this disease now affects obese children even before puberty. Approximately 85% of people with diabetes are type 2, and of these, 90% are obese or overweight. And this is increasingly becoming a developing world problem.

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Raised BMI also increases the risks of cancer of the breast, colon, prostate, endometroium, kidney and gallbladder. Chronic overweight and obesity contribute significantly to osteoarthritis, a major cause of disability in adults. Although obesity should be considered a disease in its own right, it is also one of the key risk factors for other chronic diseases together with smoking, high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol. In the analyses carried out for World Health Report 2002, approximately 58% of diabetes and 21% of ischaemic heart disease and 8-42% of certain cancers globally were attributable to a BMI above 21 kg/m2.

Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems. Body mass index (BMI), a measurement which compares weight and height, defines people as overweight (pre-obese) when their BMI is between 25 kg/m2 and 30 kg/m2, and obese when it is greater than 30 kg/m2. Your body is designed to operate best when it's at an ideal weight. Carrying around extra pounds will inevitably increase your risk of developing just about every chronic degenerative disease known to man.

What can we do about it ?
Effective weight management for individuals and groups at risk of developing obesity involves a range of long-term strategies. These include prevention, weight maintenance, management of co-morbidities and weight loss. They should be part of an integrated, multi-sectoral, population-based approach, which includes environmental support for healthy diets and regular physical activity. Key elements include:
  • Creating supportive population-based environments through public policies that promote the availability and accessibility of a variety of low-fat, high-fibre foods, and that provide opportunities for physical activity.
  • Promoting healthy behaviours to encourage, motivate and enable individuals to lose weight by : eating more fruit and vegetables, as well as nuts and whole grains, engaging in daily moderate physical activity for at least 30 minutes, cutting the amount of fatty, sugary foods in the diet, moving from saturated animal-based fats to unsaturated vegetable-oil based fats.
  • Mounting a clinical response to the existing burden of obesity and associated conditions through clinical programmes and staff training to ensure effective support for those affected to lose weight or avoid further weight gain.
In this websites, we provides you some information you need to reduce your body weight. Please feel free to explore each articles in this websites, and find it by yourself which one that is suitable for your body needs because we understand that everybody is unique, but don't give up because there are many ways to reduce body weight and become healthy.
And... remember The Old Man says, There is a way when there is a will, no pain no gain, but also remember that " There ain't no such thing as a free lunch" to have weight loss fast because everything has its price. ( Slimfast-Info ).


2 comments to "The Facts about Obesity"

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